World's Hottest Chillies

Jan 29, 2013

World's Hottest Chillies

For those of you who like spicy foods, certainly know very well with the name of "Chili" or "Chili Pepper". In fact some of you might be looking for the challenge of the extra spicy foods.

The Chili itself is the fruit of plants belonging to members of the genus Capsicum. Can be classified as vegetables or spices. This plant is not only known in Indonesia or Asia, but nearly all around the world knows chili. Indeed, not all countries have a common form of this chili family, but there are different shapes, flavors and levels of spiciness. Well, do you know the world's hottest chillies?. Starting from the chili that tend sweet, mildly spicy, spicy and also EXTRA SPICY!.

This time I tried to summarize some kind of chili is known as the World's hottest chilli. Here's the list:
Units used to determine the level of spiciness from chili-peppers here are using Scoville scale.

Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) is named after the name of Wilbur Scoville in 1912. At that time, he worked for a pharmaceutical company called Parke-Davis. There he developed a test called "Scoville Organoleptic Test". This test is for measuring the level of spiciness of chili.
RED SAVINA (SHU up to 580,000)
Red Savina (Savina Habanero) - Scovile Rating : 200.000 - 580.000

RED SAVINA Pepper (Savina Habanero) has the Latin name "Capsicum chinense Jacquin". Red Savina pick up the Scoville Scale score 200.000-580.000. And the chili has been listed as the hottest chili in the world according to Guinness World Records from 1994 to february 2007, before being replaced by the Bhut Jolokia chili. This chili is an endemic plant (native) from California. Because of  its spiciness, this chilli is also dubbed as the Devil Tongue of Dominica. The chili is very often used as an adjunct processed foods native to South America.

BHUT JOLOKIA (SHU up to 1,000,000 )

Bhut Jolokia

Apparently India has a stunning belle of chili. Carrying the world's hottest chili ever come from India. Bhut Jolokia chili is meaning "ghost chili". Naturally if the person says so, given the level of spiciness of chili can be 1000 times more than usual chili. And SHU score obtained is 330.000 to 1,000,000. It certainly beats the Red Savina and successfully listed its name as "the hottest chili in the world" according to the version of the Guinness World Record in 2007.

According to wikipedia. The Bhut Jolokia is an interspecific hybrid cultivated in the Indian states of Nagaland and Assam and parts of neighbouring Bangladesh. It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as Nai Mirris (cobra chili).

NAGA MORICH JOLOKIA (SHU score 1,000,000+)

Naga Morich Jolokia - Known as Bhut Jolokia Sister

Naga Morich Jolokia chilli is also from India, has similarities with the Bhut Jolokia, even called the sister of Bhut Jolokia, but both peppers are genetically different. Originally from northern India and has been a chilli native region. Chili's has an index to 1,000,000 SHU.

INFINITY CHILI (SHU score 1,067,286)

Infinity Chili
 The Infinity Chili pepper is a chili pepper created in England by chili breeder Nick Woods of Fire Foods, Grantham, Lincolnshire. For two weeks in February 2011, the Infinity Chili held the Guinness World Record title for the world's hottest chili with a Scoville scale rating of 1,067,286 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). On February 25, 2011, it was displaced by the Naga Viper pepper, which registered 1,382,118 SHU.

NAGA VIPER Pepper (SHU up to 1,300,000)

With a value rating Scoville Heat Units (SHU): 1,382,118, this chili is listed as one of the World's Hottest Chilli in February 2011 according to Guinness World Record. The Chili's is a new variety that is a hybrid between the 3 types of peppers (Naga Morich, Bhut Jolokia and Trinidad Scorpion) which was created by the British farmer named Gerald Fowler of the Chili Pepper Company, in Cark, Cumbria.

TRINIDAD SCORPION - BUTCH T Pepper (SHU Score up to 1,470,000)

Trinidad Scorpion Pepper - From Australia
Trinidad Scorpion Chilli - Butch T is the hottest chili in the world according to Guinness World Record version to date (Jan 29, 2013). From laboratory tests conducted by experts in March 2011, amounted to 1,463,700 SHU values obtained from this chili. Name Butch T is derived from the name of this chilli varieties inventor Butch Taylor (owner Zydeco Farms and chili sauce company in Mississippi).


Trinidad Moruga Scorpion - SHU upto 2,000,000
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper is an endemic chili from the Moruga disctrict, Trinidad and Tobago. According to the New Mexico University, this chili is becoming the hottest chili in the world, even beating  the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T. The SHU score for this chili is obtained from laboratory studies which is 2,000,231 (up to 2,000,000). This value is far beyond the Butch T.  But the unique of this chili is the taste, the spicy taste is increasing from since the bitten.

But with advances in technology, the method (Scoville Scale) of determining the spiciness of a plant (pepper) has been replaced by the method of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), which measures the spiciness of chili peppers that produce chemicals and measure it using ASTA pungency units (American Spice Trade Association / Association of Commerce American spice).

Even so, the results are given about the same, considering the chili-peppers above is REALLY SPICY!!!

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